Micro nutrients play crucial roles in human nutrition, including the prevention and treatment of various diseases and conditions, as well as the optimization of physical and mental functioning. Understanding micro nutrients is critical for anyone seeking to maintain or improve his or her health.
Vitamins and minerals are the two types of micro nutrients. While only needed in small amounts, they play important roles in human development and well-being, including the regulation of metabolism, heart beat, cellular pH and bone density. Lack of micro nutrients can lead to stunted growth in children and increased risk for various diseases in adulthood. Without proper consumption of micro nutrients, humans can suffer from diseases such as rickets (lack of vitamin D), scurvy (lack of vitamin C) and osteoporosis (lack of calcium).